Everything You Need to Know About Trauma
What is Trauma?
When people say that they have trauma, that means they've experienced something that caused them mental, emotional or physical harm. If you're human, you have some form of trauma. From birth, to death and everything in between, the world is filled with trauma. In many cases, people are able to make it through traumatic events without the event having a negative effect on their lives.
Sometimes, the traumatic event causes problems and makes the sufferer feel unsafe, anxious or frightened--even when there is no threat of harm in the present day situation. The trauma sufferer can feel like they are "reliving the past" over and over again.
How do I know if I have Trauma?
Everyone has some form of trauma in their life. Potentially traumatic events happen all the time. Trauma is relative, which means that an event that one person finds traumatic another person may be unaffected.
The important thing to look at is whether or not your past is affecting your present-day life in a way that is disruptive or negative. If it is, there are a number of methods you can use to stop that pattern from repeating and relieve the negative effects.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service:
Trauma Information Page
"Individual trauma results from an event, series of events, or set of circumstances experienced by an individual as physically or emotionally harmful or life-threatening with lasting adverse effects on the individual’s functioning and mental, physical, social, emotional, or spiritual well-being.
In the United States, 61 percent of men and 51 percent of women report exposure to at least one lifetime traumatic event, and 90 percent of clients in public behavioral health care settings have experienced trauma. "
Center for Disease Control:
Coping with a Traumatic Event
"Most everyone has been through a stressful event in his or her life. When the event, or
series of events, causes a lot of stress, it is called a traumatic event. Traumatic events are
marked by a sense of horror, helplessness, serious injury, or the threat of serious injury or
death. Traumatic events affect survivors, rescue workers, and the friends and relatives of
victims who have been involved. They may also have an impact on people who have seen
the event either firsthand or on television."
National Center for Biotechnology Information:
"Trauma can affect one’s beliefs about the future via loss of hope, limited expectations about life, fear that life will end abruptly or early, or anticipation that normal life events won’t occur...
Initial reactions to trauma can include exhaustion, confusion, sadness, anxiety, agitation, numbness, dissociation, confusion, physical arousal, and blunted affect. Indicators of more severe responses include continuous distress without periods of relative calm or rest, severe dissociation symptoms, and intense intrusive recollections that continue despite a return to safety."
Trauma Treatment Methods (Backed by Science)
Trauma Recovery and Empowerment Model, also known as TREM
Yoga, Martial Arts, Dance
Trauma Affect Regulation: Guide for Education & Therapy, also known as TARGET
Trauma Focused CBT TF-CBT